Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Monday, July 30, 2018

1500s Garden

Joris Hoefnagel or Georg Hoefnagel (1542-1601) Merrymaking in a Garden.

Sunday, July 29, 2018

17C Preparing the Gardens

Sebastian Vrancx (Flemish artist, 1573-1647) The Four Seasons - Spring

1600s The Four Seasons - Spring by Sebastien Vrancx (Flemish artist, 1573-1647) An Allegory of Spring

Saturday, July 28, 2018

1500s Garden

1515 Leonhard Beck (German 1475-80-1542) Book Illustration

In this illustration, the young Weisskunig & his wife are depicted trying to learn one another's language.  The newly married couple sit on a bench in a garden in front a low garden wall decorated with an ornamental frieze.  On the far left is a large gate & at the back, the garden is enclosed by buildings. In the garden another 3 couples walking around trees & a fountain.  A trellis placed in a pot sits against a wall of the garden.

Thursday, July 26, 2018

1620 Fountain In a Garden

1620 Spring from The Four Seasons by Aegidius Sadeler II (Flemish artist 1570 -1629) Prague Landscape with  large garden, with several men carrying pots &, others sowing seeds. Gardens with fountain & obelisk.

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Sunday, July 22, 2018

1575 Garden Picnic with Distilled Spirits

The Noble Art of Vener or Hunting by George Turberville 1575  showing a picnic in a wooded garden enclosure with stills

Saturday, July 21, 2018

16C Gardeners Establishing the GARDEN - Illuminated Manuscripts

Da Costa hours [1515 ] März Umgraben
London Rothschild Hours, Southern Netherlands (Ghent), c. 1500, British Library. Add MS 35313, f. 2v.  Three peasants labor in a partially walled & partially fenced-off garden. The men are digging to prepare the raised geometric beds & planting fruit trees, while the woman pulls up weeds. They are overseen by a gentlewoman, who is holding a small lapdog in her arms, as her female attendant follows behind.
Golf Book (Book of Hours, Use of Rome), workshop of Simon Bening, Netherlands (Bruges), c. 1540, Additional MS 24098, f. 20v
Angels serve as Gardeners in The Annunciation (detail) in the Spinola Hours, 1510–20, Master of James IV of Scotland.  J. Paul Getty Museum, Ms.Ludwig IX 18, fol. 92v
Viático de Vagamundo Illuminations by Simon Bening (ca 1483-1561)
Spinola Hours, 1510–20, Workshop of the Master of James IV of Scotland. J. Paul Getty Museum, Ms. Ludwig IX 18, fol. 2v

Thursday, July 19, 2018

Three views of the evolution of an early 1500s country Dutch garden over a span of years

Jacob Grimmer (Dutch, 1525-6-1590) Early view of house without formal garden walks or walls or fences or parterres. Here the fields falling from the house are used for producing food.   
Attributed to Jacob Grimmer (Dutch, 1525-6-1590) Landscape With Peasants Walking along a Road with horse-drawn carts while others plant in the garden
Able Grimmer (Flemish artist, c.1570–c.1619) Four Seasons - Martivus  A copy of the above painting with the addition of a fence around some of the garden & with more highly developed parterres.

One observer commented, "In all 3 pictures, the people seem to be hauling cartloads of household goods rather than food for market sale which would be the norm. Time period looks (from costume) like 1580s and location is Southern Netherlands. At that period there was a lot of warfare with plunder and pillage by unpaid troops."

Sunday, July 15, 2018

Discovering a Garden in a Painting Background - 1590 May Flower Market

Spring flowers for sale at the Flower Market - 1590 Garden in the Background - Spring about 1590 by Frederik I. van Valckenborch (1566-1623)

Saturday, July 14, 2018

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Discovering a 1645 English manor house SPRING GARDEN in a Portrait Background - now a hotel!

Mathew Babington 1612-1669 of Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, painted in 1645 during the Civil War (1642–1651). Probably painted by Daniel Mytens (Anglo-Dutch artist 1590-1647) or one of his followers.

 Matthew Babington was a lawyer who was called to the bar in 1639. He must have done well during the war, as he is expensively dressed in a black silk doublet slashed in the sleeves & body. He presents himself as very upper-class & very up-to-date. In the background of the portrait appears to be the up-to-date formal gardens of his Rothley Temple, where his family had lived for about 80 years. Gardens grew larger during the Stuart period as the influence of French & Dutch formal gardens brought features such as the long avenues & terraces seen above.  

The Medieval garden was fading from the English countryside, as influences from Renaissance Italy began to infiltrate English Tudor gardens. These included greater regularity of design & the relationship between the garden & the façade of the house, along with architectural features in the layout of the gardens appeared. Knot gardens, geometric beds edged with a low hedge of box or other shrubs appear in this painting. These garden beds of interlacing patterns were designed to be seen from the windows above the garden, & they were usually filled with herbs & popular flowers of the period such as gilly-flowers & carnations.
1729 Map of Rothley Temple Landscape & Gardens.  This shows evidence of a formal garden around the manor house. To the east of the Manor House is an area titled ‘Green Court’ with a barn & dovecote. To the south is a stable & a malt house & to the west are the formal gardens. Between these & the Rothley Brook are 2 stew ponds. There is a mill on the Brook & an orchard beyond, to the south east. 

Rothley Temple originally belonged to the Knights Templar from 1203, then to the Knights Hospitaller until their supression in the 1560s, when it was acquired by the Babingtons. In 1312, the Knights Templars were suppressed by Pope Clement V, who pronounced that the lands which they had held should be handed over to the Knights Hospitaller, in order to continue the support of the cause in the Holy Land. The  Knights Hospitaller, like the Knights Templars, were warrior monks, & already held lands in Leicestershire. They administered their local soke jurisdiction or franchise from Rothley & probably leased out sections of the property to sub-tenants. Soke was the right in Anglo-Saxon & early English law to hold court & administer justice with a granted franchise & to receive certain fees or fines arising from it.  The jurisdiction could be over a territory or over people or some combination of both. Some of the Knights Hospitallers were named within the Rothley court documents, including a number of members of the Babington family, shown as knights in the early 16C. On 24th June 1529, a lease for 29 years was granted to Humphrey Babington, by the Prior & Brethren of the Order of the of the Knights HospitallersAt the time of the Dissolution of the Knights Hospitaller in 1540, Humphrey Babington retained the manor house & certain of its lands, but the bulk of the estate, which had been owned by the  Knights Hospitallers, reverted to the Crown. 

The Babington lease was subsequently extended but it was not until 1565, during the reign of Elizabeth I, that the entire estate passed to Humphrey Babington, grandson of the Humphrey above. The Babington family continued to hold the manor house & the estate through many generations, until 1845. The house still stands; now known as Rothley Court, it has been an hotel since 1960.

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

1587 Picnicing & Strolling in the Garden Lucas Van Valkenborch (Flemish painter, c 1530-1597)

1587 Lucas Van Valkenborch (Flemish painter, c 1530-1597)  Landscape in Spring

1587 Lucas Van Valkenborch (Flemish painter, c 1530-1597)  Landscape in Spring Detail

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

1658 GARDEN planting of Walled Garden with dog or a lion??

1658 Abraham Hertochs (Dutch printmaker, 1626-1672) Wall-enclosed Garden with Raised Geometric Beds. Gentleman & his Lady oversee the springtime work of readying the garden for summer. Gardeners at the back wall seem to be preparing the wall to support vines or wall fruit.  Dog (or small lion!!) runs alongside the masters.

Saturday, July 7, 2018

17C Gardeners Preparing the Garden

1644 David Teniers the Younger (1610–1690) Spring. Love the Gardeners in the background moving pots outdoors and raking the SPRING GARDEN.

Friday, July 6, 2018

1673 Portrait on a Garden Terrace

Henri Gascar (French artist, 1634-35 - 1701) My Lady Anne Barrington and My Lady Mary Saniohn on a terrace opening onto a SPRING GARDEN with statues. c 1673

Thursday, July 5, 2018

17C Elegant Flemish Maypole with Garden

Peeter Gijsels (Flemish artist, 1621-1690) Detail of Playing Musical Instruments around a Maypole with a SPRING GARDEN in the background

Wednesday, July 4, 2018

Tuesday, July 3, 2018

1750 Personification with a Garden in the background

1750 Spring Published by Robert Sayer London

Here Spring is depicted as a fashionably-dressed young woman with flowers in her hair, picking a rose from a bush on the right, holding others in her apron, She is resting her elbow on a parapet overlooking a garden. In the background, a man is leaning against a garden balustrade and a couple stand in front of a domed garden temple.