Monday, June 1, 2020

Ladies & Gentlemen & Families in mid 18C French Gardens

The artist here is Louis Carrogis de Carmontelle, 1717-1806. French artist also designed several gardens, including the jardin anglochinois Parc Monceau, Paris (1773–8), with its many diversions including "ruins," a "Dutch windmill," a "Tartar tent," and similar fabrications. One of its most unusual features was the Bois des Tombeaux (Wood of Tombs) containing forms of tombs (pyramids, etc.). Thomas Blaikie, the Scots landscape-gardener, was brought in (c.1781) to simplify Carmontelle's somewhat overladen scheme, but the work was an important catalyst in the adoption of the garden, embellished with monuments, into the 19C cemetery.

Le Marquis d'Ecquevilly and his daughters, 1767


Monsieur Desgoutte and Mademoiselle Lévignen, 1770


Mr and Mme Lallemant de Nantouillet, with sons MM de Damas and de Lévignen, 1772


Mr de Reuilly et Mme de Montréal,1776


Mr le Comte de La Porte et Mlle his daughter, 1780s


Monsieur le Marquis and Madame la Marquise de Montsoreau, 1780



Mme de La Haye, and her son,c. 1760


Mr N. and his daughter, 1786

Sunday, May 31, 2020

Ladies make Music & Dance in the mid 18C French Garden

The artist here is Louis Carrogis de Carmontelle, 1717-1806. French artist who also designed several gardens, including the jardin anglochinois Parc Monceau, Paris (1773–8), with its many diversions including "ruins," a "Dutch windmill," a "Tartar tent," and similar fabrications. One of its most unusual features was the Bois des Tombeaux (Wood of Tombs) containing forms of tombs (pyramids, etc.). Thomas Blaikie, the Scots landscape-gardener, was brought in (c.1781) to simplify Carmontelle's somewhat overladen scheme, but the work was an important catalyst in the adoption of the garden, embellished with monuments, into the 19C cemetery.


Mme de Meaux, Mlle de Meaux and Mr de Saint-Quentin, 1758


Madame la Comtesse Alexandre de Damas, 1784


Mme la Vicomtesse de Rochechouart, 1760s


Mlle Lani, 1765


Mme la Barone d'Holbach, 1766



Mme la Comtesse d'Auxy, c 1758


Mlle Chevalier, of the l'Académie Royale de Musique, c. 1760


On the Garden Terrace...

Mme de Villaumont and Mme Des Cours, c. 1760


Mesdemoiselles Royer, 1760


Mme la Barone de Talleyrand, 1765 


Mme la marquise de Rumain, la Comtesse de Polignac and Mademoiselle de Rumain,1768


Madame Moreau and Mademoiselle de Flinville, 1780s


Portrait of Ladies, c. 1780

Saturday, May 30, 2020

Sharing the Autumn Harvest - 1700s Foods at Markets & in Kitchens

Adriaan de Lelie (Dutch artist, 1755-1820)



Jan Antoon Garemijn (Dutch painter, 1712-1799) The Market in Bruges 1778



Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) Florentine Fruit Stand



John Atkinson (British artist, fl 1770-1775) British  Girl Bundling Asparagus 1771



John Atkinson (British artist, fl 1770-1775) Kitchen Scene



John S C Schaak (British artist, fl. Westminster 1761-1769) Tavern Interior 1762



Justus Juncker (Dutch artist, 1703-1767) In the Kitchen



Justus Juncker (Dutch artist, 1703-1767) The Maid in the Kitchen



Justus Juncker (Dutch artist, 1703-1767) Working in the Kitchen



Pehr Hilleström (Swedish artist, 1732-1816) A Lady at the Hearth



Molly Milton, the pretty oyster Woman Carington Bowles 1788



Unknown artist, Curds and Whey Seller c 1725-35



Sausage Woman at Covent Garden Robert Sayer 1772



Abraham van Strij (Dutch artist, 1753-1826) Cleaning up in the Kitchen

Friday, May 29, 2020

Thursday, May 28, 2020

1758 Gardens & Grounds at Newstead Abbey, Nottinghamshire


1758 Reverend Richard Byron (British artist, 1724-1811) East View of Newstead Abbey, Nottinghamshire, and the Great Garden

Wednesday, May 27, 2020

English Landscape Painter & Portraitist Arthur Devis 1712-1787

1749 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Robert Gwillym and Family

During the 1990s, I was trying to see both the English & American landscapes as those living in the 18C did. One of my favorite artists Arthur Devis allowed me to see both the English landscapes & the people who designed & lived in them. Here are a few of his paintings.
1749 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The Thomas Cave Family

Arthur Devis was born in Preston, Lancashire, England, in 1712, the eldest son of Anthony Devis & Ellen Rauthmell. He left Preston as a young man to study in London with the sporting & topographical painter Peter Tillemans.
1751 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Sir George und Lady Strickland im Park von Boynton Hall


1751 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The James Family

After the Tillemans' retirement in 1733, Devis returned to Preston, & his earliest dated landscape was in 1735. His earliest dated portraits are from 1741, & by the following year he is recorded working in London. In 1741, he married Elizabeth Faulkner; & apparently the couple had 22 children.
1754 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The Clavey family in their garden at Hampstead

In 1745, well established as a painter of small-scale portraits & conversation pieces, he settled on Great Queen Street in Lincoln's Inn Fields as his base. Many of his early commissions came from Lancashire Jacobite families obtained through his father's local connections. By 1752, he took on an apprentice, George Senhouse, but discharged him after 3 years for idleness; he had at least 3 other students during that period.
1758 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Alicia and Jane Clarke

From 1761, Devis exhibited irregularly at the Free Society of Artists, of which he became president in 1768. In 1763, Francis Vincent (then a Barrister of the Inner Temple) commissioned Devis to paint himself, his wife Mercy & daughter Ann at Weddington Hall. Devis never exhibited at the 'Society of Artists' or the 'Royal Academy of Arts' & never competed for admission to those societies.
1763 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Francis Vincent, his Wife Mercy, and Daughter Ann, of Weddington Hall, Warwickshire

In later life Devis was active as a restorer; between 1777 & 1778, he was paid 1,000 pounds for cleaning & repairing the Painted Hall at Greenwich. In 1783, he sold his collection of pictures & retired to Brighton, where he died on 25 July 1787.
Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Henry Fiennes Clinton,9th Earl of Lincoln, with his wife Catherine and his son George on the great terrace at Oatlands


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Mrs Edward Travers in a landscape garden


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) On the grounds of Ranelagh


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Sir Nathaniel and Lady Caroline Curzon


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The Edgar Children

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Families in 18C English Cultural Landscapes from "Conversation Pieces"

1730 William Hogarth, (English artist, 1697-1764)  The Jones Conversation Piece

During the 1990s, I was trying to see both English & American landscapes as those living in the 18th-century did. Then I found families posed in idealized planned landscapes in Conversation Pieces, which is a term for a group portrait, especially those painted in Britain in the 18C, beginning in the 1720s. 

1730s Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) The Watson-Wentworth and Finch Families

Conversation Pieces usually portrayed a group apparently engaged in some informal genteel conversation or some family activity, very often outdoors. Typically the group were members of a family, but friends could be included; and sometimes, deceased relatives also appeared.
1730s Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) Syllabub straight from the Cow The Russell and Revett Familes in a landscape

The settings of Conversation Pieces reflected the image the client wanted to portray, including the ideal landscape or house interior, which he wanted to depict as the settings for his everyday activities. And so, these Conversation Pieces were a great way for me to see what those in the early 18C aspired to have in their planned, personal landscapes.
1730 Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) Outdoor Conversation Piece of Thomas Hill of Harwood and his First Family

The subjects of Conversation Pieces were depicted in a variety of genteel pastimes, whether or not they really could do the activities they were portrayed enjoying.  People were painted sharing common activities such as hunts, meals, fishing, or musical parties. Dogs & horses were also frequently included as proper gentry accessories.
1730s Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) The Russell and Revett Familes with Fishing Rods and Game

Arthur Devis was a regional painter famous for his small Conversation Pieces, popular with the gentry of Cheshire. William Hogarth (1697-1764) & Charles Phillips (1708-1747) also worked in the genre. The German artist who settled in England, Johann Zoffany (1733-1810), specialized in complicated Conversation Pieces; and most human portraits by George Stubbs (1724-1806) take this form, with horses & carriages in the composition.
1730s Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) Family by a Lake and a Classical Pavilion


1730s Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) Family by a Lake and a Classical Pavilion Detail
1731 William Hogarth, (English artist, 1697-1764) Ashley Cowper with his Wife and Daughter
1738 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Breaking-Up Day at Dr Clayton's School at Salford
1738 William Hogarth, (English artist, 1697-1764) The Hervey Converstion Piece The Holland House Group
1740  Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Sir John Trevelyan (1735–1828), 4th Bt, with Wife Louisa Simond, Lady Trevelyan, Son Sir John Trevelyan (1761–1846), 5th Bt, & Daughter Helena Trevelyan

1740s Edwardy Haytley (English artist, (1740-61) The Brockman family at Beachborough Manor


1740s Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) A Gentleman handing a Lady a Sprig of Honeysuckle
1740 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Thomas Lister and Family at Gisburne Park
1742  William Hogarth, (English artist, 1697-1764) and George Lambert (English artist, 1700-1765) Chiswick House  NB  Not exactly a Conversation Piece, but too informative to leave out.


1730s Charles Philips (British artist, 1708-1747) Sir William Strickland and his family

1743 Edwardy Haytley (English artist, (1740-61)  The Montagu family at their Sandleford Priory estate in Berkshire
1747 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Richard, Mary, and Peter, Children of Peter and Mary du Cane

1744-46 Edwardy Haytley (English artist, (1740-61) The Brockman Family at Beachborough Temple Pond
1749 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Mr and Mrs Van Harthals and Son
1749 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Robert Gwillym and Family
1749 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The Thomas Cave Family
1751 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The James Family
1754 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The Clavey family in their garden at Hampstead
1756 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Edward Gordon, His Sister Mrs Miles and Her Husband in their Garden at Bromley
1758 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Alicia and Jane Clarke

1761 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Sir John Shaw and his Family in the Park at Eltham Lodge, Kent

1763 Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Francis Vincent, his Wife Mercy, and Daughter Ann, of Weddington Hall, Warwickshire

 1763 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) The Daughters of John 3rd Earl of Bute

 1763 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) The Mathew Family at Felix Hall, Kelvedon, Essex

 1763 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) The Sons of John 3rd Earl of Bute

 1766 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) The Woodley Family


 1767 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) The Family of William Young


1769 George Stubbs (English artist, 1724-1806) The Milbanke and Melbourne Families


 1769 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) The Bradshaw Family


 1773 Edward Smith (English artist) An Angling Party (perhaps The Willyams Family at Carnanton)


1776 George Stubbs (English artist, 1724-1806) The Reverend Robert Carter Thelwall and His Family


1780 Johann Zoffany (German-born English painter, 1733-1810) Henry and Mary Styleman


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Henry Fiennes Clinton,9th Earl of Lincoln, with his wife Catherine and his son George on the great terrace at Oatlands


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) On the grounds of Ranelagh


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Sir Nathaniel and Lady Caroline Curzon


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) The Edgar Children


Arthur Devis (English artist, 1712-1787) Two Children and a Dog in a Park


1780 George Stubbs (English artist, 1724-1806) The Wedgewood Family


1780 William Williams (British artist) Conversation Piece, before a house in Monument Lane, Edgbaston