Monday, April 30, 2018

Classic Garden - Attr to Louis de Caullery 1555-1622

1610 Louis de Caullery (Flemish artist, b 1582-a 1621) A Classic Garden

Louis de Caullery (Dutch-Flemish artist, 1555-1622) also known as Luis de Koller, Luis de Kaulleri, Louis de Coulery, specialized in genre, allegory, architecture, & landscape painting.  Like many Flemish artists of the period, he had traveled to & worked in Italy. A circle of like-minded artists gathered around him in Antwerp, painting scenes of banquets, balls, carnivals, & other celebrations often in gardens. The architecture & the parterres of the gardens are precisely drawn, often in skillfully telescoped perspective.

Sunday, April 29, 2018

Birds, Men & Women in Gardens

 Crispin de Passe (1565-1637), The Four Seasons - Spring

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Palazzo Barberini in Rome, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.  Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions. 

Friday, April 27, 2018

Real & Imaginary Garden Celebrations - Attr to Louis de Caullery 1555-1622

Attributed to Louis de Caullery (Dutch-Flemish artist, 1555-1622) A Celebration of Love in the Garden of the Villa Medici

Louis de Caullery (Dutch-Flemish artist, 1555-1622) also known as Luis de Koller, Luis de Kaulleri, Louis de Coulery, specialized in genre, allegory, architecture, & landscape painting.  Like many Flemish artists of the period, he had traveled to & worked in Italy. A circle of like-minded artists gathered around him in Antwerp, painting scenes of banquets, balls, carnivals, & other celebrations often in gardens. The architecture & the parterres of the gardens are precisely drawn, often in skillfully telescoped perspective.

Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Palazzo Barberini in Rome, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.  Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions.

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Merseburg Castle, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.  Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions. 

Monday, April 23, 2018

16C Grand Tour of Towns & Landscapes - Görlitz in Saxony, Germany.

Georg Braun (1541-1622) & Frans Hogenberg (1535–1590) German topo-geographers. 1575 City of Görlitz in Saxony, Germany.

These images of British, European, & Middle Eastern towns come from the century BEFORE The Grand Tour became a popular educational trip for the rich & the intellectually curious of Britain & the European continent.  The custom flourished from about 1660, until the advent of wide-spread railroad travel in the 1840s, when travel became accessible to a larger spectrum of the public. Similar trips across the Atlantic were undertaken from the 2nd half of the 18C, by some affluent South & North Americans.

Sunday, April 22, 2018

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Grotto with fountain garden of the castle Tanlay, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.  Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions. 

Friday, April 20, 2018

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Gazebo with fountain, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.  Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions.

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Vredenburg Castle 1529

Willem Cornelisz.van Swanenburgh (b 1611-  in Utrecht). Castle Vredenburg 1529 Charles V where a form of early golf called beugelen, 'kolven door den beugel' was played in Utrecht

Vredenburg or Vredeborch was a 16C castle built by Habsburg emperor Charles V in the city of Utrecht in the Netherlands. When the Holy Roman Empire annexed Utrecht in 1528, Emperor Charles V immediately ordered the construction of a castle in Utrecht, to protect his new territory from invasion & to try to retain control over the city's rather independent population. Construction was begun in 1529 and completed in 1532.  After the Pacification of Ghent was signed on November 8, 1576, the Eighty Years' War broke out; and the castle's Spanish garrison was besieged by the Dutch rebels, as fighting broke out between the Spanish & Dutch. The garrison abandoned the castle in 1577, & the citizens of Utrecht demanded, that the castle be demolished to prevent the Spanish or other foreign power from dominating their city again. The citizens demolished the castle brick by brick until 1581.  Some remains of the castle are still visible on what is now Vredenburg square in Utrecht.


Etching by Coenraad Decker in 1656 depicting the castle Vredenburg in Utrecht (The Netherlands) showing the castle around 1540

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View  of the Gothaer Castle with ground plans of the pleasure garden. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova . Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions. 

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

1610 Courtiers Strolling & Dancing in a garden by Hieronymus Francken the Elder (c 1540–1610)

1610 Courtiers strolling in a garden by  Flemish painter Hieronymus Francken I or Hieronymus Francken the Elder (c 1540–1610).  After training in Antwerp, he was mainly active in France, where he became court painter at the French court. His compositions with elegant groups of dancing figures, musicians and courtiers anticipate the development of this genre in the 17C.

Monday, April 16, 2018

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Grotto with cascading fountain in the castle at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.   Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions. 

Sunday, April 15, 2018

1580s Buildings & gardens by Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)

1580s Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607) Palace Architecture with Strollers. Hans Vredeman de Vries was a Dutch Renaissance architect, painter, and engineer. Vredeman de Vries is known for his publication in 1583 on garden design and his books with many examples on ornaments (1565) and perspective (1604). His mannerist plates of landscape & garden designs became very influential and beneficial to garden architects throughout Europe. These garden designs focus on trellises and hedges creating intricate patterns. These features became popular in small-scale gardens in the Netherlands in the 17C.

Saturday, April 14, 2018

1580s Buildings & gardens by Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)

1580s Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)  Buildings and gardens.  Hans Vredeman de Vries was a Dutch Renaissance architect, painter, and engineer. Vredeman de Vries is known for his publication in 1583 on garden design and his books with many examples on ornaments (1565) and perspective (1604). His mannerist plates of landscape & garden designs became very influential and beneficial to garden architects throughout Europe. These garden designs focus on trellises and hedges creating intricate patterns. These features became popular in small-scale gardens in the Netherlands in the 17C.

Friday, April 13, 2018

1580s Buildings & gardens by Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)

1580s b Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)  Labyrinth, Philips Galle, c. 1587.  Hans Vredeman de Vries was a Dutch Renaissance architect, painter, and engineer. Vredeman de Vries is known for his publication in 1583 on garden design and his books with many examples on ornaments (1565) and perspective (1604). His mannerist plates of landscape & garden designs became very influential and beneficial to garden architects throughout Europe. These garden designs focus on trellises and hedges creating intricate patterns. These features became popular in small-scale gardens in the Netherlands in the 17C.

Thursday, April 12, 2018

1580s Buildings & gardens by Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)

1580s b Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)  Garden, from Hortum Viridariorumque Elegantes et Mumultiplicis Formae, published c.1583.  Hans Vredeman de Vries was a Dutch Renaissance architect, painter, and engineer. Vredeman de Vries is known for his publication in 1583 on garden design and his books with many examples on ornaments (1565) and perspective (1604). His mannerist plates of landscape & garden designs became very influential and beneficial to garden architects throughout Europe. These garden designs focus on trellises and hedges creating intricate patterns. These features became popular in small-scale gardens in the Netherlands in the 17C.

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

1570s Buildings & gardens by Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607)

1570s Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-c 1607) Design for an Ornamental Garden, 1576. Hans Vredeman de Vries was a Dutch Renaissance architect, painter, and engineer. Vredeman de Vries is known for his publication in 1583 on garden design and his books with many examples on ornaments (1565) and perspective (1604). His mannerist plates of landscape & garden designs became very influential and beneficial to garden architects throughout Europe. These garden designs focus on trellises and hedges creating intricate patterns. These features became popular in small-scale gardens in the Netherlands in the 17C. 

Tuesday, April 10, 2018

1500s Italian Garden Attributed to Peter Candid (c. 1548–1628)

1500s Flowers for the Garden attributed to Peter de Witte, known in Italy as Pietro Candido & in Bavaria as Peter Candid (c. 1548–1628) was a Flemish-born Mannerist painter, tapestry designer, & draughtsman active in Italy and Bavaria. He was an important artist at the Medici court in Florence & at the Bavarian court of Duke William V and his successor Maximilian I in Munich. Peter Candid was an extremely versatile artist who was not only a painter but also a designer of tapestries, prints and sculptures. His pictorial work ranges from religious & history paintings, portraits, mythological scenes, & allegories.

Monday, April 9, 2018

Arriving at a Garden by Water attributed to Lodewijk Toeput, called Ludovico Pozzoserrato (1550-1605)

Lodewijk Toeput (1550-1605) called Lodovico Pozzoserrato or Benedetto Caliari (1538-1598) A View of a Villa Galleria Giorgio Franchetti Treviso.  Lodewijk Toeput, called il Pozzoserrato (c 1550-1603-05) was a Flemish landscape painter and draftsman active in Italy. In Antwerp he is believed to have studied with Maerten de Vos, a leading history painter who had studied in Italy.  He is mainly known for his canvases and frescoes of landscapes and formal gardens with banquets and music-making groups.  Toeput painted various elegant gardens with figures engaging in courtly love or concerts. Many of his garden scenes were likely inspired by contemporary Flemish prints. 

Sunday, April 8, 2018

Saturday, April 7, 2018

Buildings & Gardens by Georg Andreas Böckler (c 1617-1687)

1664 View of Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome, with ground plans of the pleasure gardens. Georg Andreas Böckler’s (c 1617-1687) Architectura Curiosa Nova.  Georg Andreas Böckler was a German architect and engineer who wrote Architectura Curiosa Nova. Born in Cronheim, he was an architect in the city of Nuremberg and specialized in hydraulic architecture. Architectura Curiosa Nova was his most important work. It is mainly a book on theory and application of hydrodynamics for fountains, water-jets, garden fountains, and well heads with many designs for free-standing fountains. It also includes designs for grottoes and garden pavilions. 

Thursday, April 5, 2018

Relaxing small Garden attributed to Lodewijk Toeput, called Ludovico Pozzoserrato (1550-1605)

After Lodewijk Toeput (1550-1605) called Lodovico Pozzoserrato Concerto Campestre.   Lodewijk Toeput, called il Pozzoserrato (c 1550-1603-05) was a Flemish landscape painter and draftsman active in Italy. In Antwerp he is believed to have studied with Maerten de Vos, a leading history painter who had studied in Italy.  He is mainly known for his canvases and frescoes of landscapes and formal gardens with banquets and music-making groups.  Toeput painted various elegant gardens with figures engaging in courtly love or concerts. Many of his garden scenes were likely inspired by contemporary Flemish prints. 

Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Garden Entertaining attributed to Lodewijk Toeput, called Ludovico Pozzoserrato (1550-1605)

Lodewijk Toeput (1550-1605) called Lodovico Pozzoserrato Concert in a Villa Garden.  Lodewijk Toeput, called il Pozzoserrato (c 1550-1603-05) was a Flemish landscape painter and draftsman active in Italy. In Antwerp he is believed to have studied with Maerten de Vos, a leading history painter who had studied in Italy.  He is mainly known for his canvases and frescoes of landscapes and formal gardens with banquets and music-making groups.  Toeput painted various elegant gardens with figures engaging in courtly love or concerts. Many of his garden scenes were likely inspired by contemporary Flemish prints. The background of this painting shows an extesive but intimate formal garden with statues. 

Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Garden Entertaining attributed to Lodewijk Toeput, called Ludovico Pozzoserrato (1550-1605)

Lodewijk Toeput (1550-1605) called Lodovico Pozzoserrato Banquet in a Formal Garden.   Lodewijk Toeput, called il Pozzoserrato (c 1550-1603-05) was a Flemish landscape painter and draftsman active in Italy. In Antwerp he is believed to have studied with Maerten de Vos, a leading history painter who had studied in Italy.  He is mainly known for his canvases and frescoes of landscapes and formal gardens with banquets and music-making groups.  Toeput painted various elegant gardens with figures engaging in courtly love or concerts. Many of his garden scenes were likely inspired by contemporary Flemish prints. 

Monday, April 2, 2018

Garden Entertaining attributed to Lodewijk Toeput, called Ludovico Pozzoserrato (1550-1605)

Lodewijk Toeput (1550-1605) called Lodovico Pozzoserrato Dives and Lazarus.  Lodewijk Toeput, called il Pozzoserrato (c 1550-1603-05) was a Flemish landscape painter and draftsman active in Italy. In Antwerp he is believed to have studied with Maerten de Vos, a leading history painter who had studied in Italy.  He is mainly known for his canvases and frescoes of landscapes and formal gardens with banquets and music-making groups.  Toeput painted various elegant gardens with figures engaging in courtly love or concerts. Many of his garden scenes were likely inspired by contemporary Flemish prints. 

Sunday, April 1, 2018

Entertaining in a Garden attributed to Lodewijk Toeput, called Ludovico Pozzoserrato (1550-1605)

Banquet in a Formal Palace Garden by Lodewijk Toeput (1550-1605) called Lodovico Pozzoserrato.  Lodewijk Toeput, called il Pozzoserrato (c 1550-1603-05) was a Flemish landscape painter and draftsman active in Italy. In Antwerp he is believed to have studied with Maerten de Vos, a leading history painter who had studied in Italy.  He is mainly known for his canvases and frescoes of landscapes and formal gardens with banquets and music-making groups.  Toeput painted various elegant gardens with figures engaging in courtly love or concerts. Many of his garden scenes were likely inspired by contemporary Flemish prints.