One of the many anonymous Flemish artists in the generation of Hans Memling has been identified as the Master of the Legend of Saint Lucy after a painting located in the church of St James in Bruges. In the foreground of this painting the Virgin Mary & the Christ Child are seated with 4 female martyr-saints, Catherine, Barbara, Ursula, & Cecilia.
The courtly entourage is placed within an enclosed garden lined with roses, suggesting metaphorical associations with the paradise bower of the Song of Songs. The Virgin & her party sit in a small, enclosed garden before a hedge of red roses. The spot is sealed off from the remainder of the landscape by the thorny rose garden hedge, which grows out of a brick wall or garden bed. Mary is allegorically represented as a fortress.