Hendrick van Balen (Dutch, c 1574-5-1632) Vertumnus und Pomona In this painting, flowers in pots appear to have been especially popular, both indoors & out. Potted plants & trees are depicted placed on top of balustrads, grassy beds, & terraces in gardens & entryways--some of these may have been tender perennials or fruit trees. Plants in pots were used both outdoors or in the house (See The Italian Renaissance Interior: 1400-1600, by Peter Thornton, Abrams 1991)
As in these paintings, allegorical characters in stories & in art of this period were often located in garden settings. The locus amoenus was one of the traditional locations of epic & chivalric literature. As a literary genre of high culture, romance or chivalric romance is a type of prose & verse narrative that was popular in the aristocratic circles of Medieval & Early Modern Europe. Locus amoenus (Latin for "pleasant place") is a literary term which generally referring to an idealized place of safety or comfort, usually a beautiful, shady parkland or open woods, sometimes with connotations of Eden. A locus amoenus usually has 3 basic elements: trees, grass, & water.
Often, the locus amoenus garden will be in a remote setting & with only components or suggestions of a more formal, geometric, walled garden. In some works, such gardens also have overtones of the regenerative powers of human sexuality marked out by flowers, & goddesses of springtime, love, & fertility. Ernst Robert Curtius formulated the concept's definition in his European Literature & the Latin Middle Ages (1953).